Resources for BRAVE. BLACK. FIRST.

BRAVE. BLACK. FIRST. – SOURCES LIST

 

  1. Marian Anderson

    1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2019/04/09/she-sang-with-her-eyes-closed-concert-lincoln-memorial-that-changed-america/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.89d232d7a71b

    2. https://www.npr.org/2014/04/09/298760473/denied-a-stage-she-sang-for-a-nation

  2. Maya Angelou

    1. https://poets.org/poet/maya-angelou

    2. https://time.com/5226045/dr-maya-angelous-90th-birthday/

  3. Mary McLeod Bethune

    1. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/eleanor-bethune/

    2. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/mary-mcleod-bethune

  4. Simone Biles

    1. “I’d rather regret the risks that didn’t work out than the chances I didn’t take at all.” Twitter post, May 10, 2016

    2. https://www.teamusa.org/usa-gymnastics/athletes/Simone-Biles

    3. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/05/30/simone-biles-is-the-best-gymnast-in-the-world

  5. Black Lives Matter

    1. Patrisse Cullors

i.https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/43zwjd/black-lives-matter-patrisse-cullors-activist-burn-out

ii.https://www.womenshistory.org/patrisse-cullors

iii.https://blacklivesmatter.com/about/our-co-founders/

  1. Alicia Garza

i.https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/food/to-this-black-lives-matter-co-founder-activism-begins-in-the-kitchen/2018/03/26/964ec51a-2df1-11e8-b0b0-f706877db618_story.html?utm_term=.12bf95f68a75

ii.https://qz.com/1391762/black-lives-matter-co-founder-alicia-garzas-definition-of-power/

iii.https://www.politico.com/magazine/politico50/2015/alicia-garza-patrisse-cullors-opal-tometi

  1. Opal Tometi

  2. Ruby Bridges

    1. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/ruby-bridges

    2. https://www.timeforkids.com/g34/ruby-bridges/

    3. https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/blog-posts/scholasticcom-editors/2018-2019/7-things-you-didn-t-know-about-civil-rights-icon-ruby-bridges/

  3. Gwendolyn Brooks

    1. https://poets.org/poet/gwendolyn-brooks

    2. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/brooks-gwendolyn-1917/

  4. Elizabeth Catlett

    1. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/04/arts/design/elizabeth-catlett-sculptor-with-eye-on-social-issues-dies-at-96.html?mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=1DBB081CD9E91E4AE8A909A51511B6DB&gwt=pay

  5. Shirley Chisholm

    1. https://www.npr.org/2018/11/06/664617076/a-look-back-on-shirley-chisholm-s-historic-1968-house-victory

  6. Bessie Coleman

    1. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/flygirls-bessie-coleman/

    2. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/bessie-coleman

  7. Misty Copeland

    1. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Misty-Copeland

    2. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/09/22/unlikely-ballerina

    3. https://intothegloss.com/2014/03/misty-copeland-ballerina/

    4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misty_Copeland

  8. Angela Davis

    1. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/people-african-american-history/davis-angela-1944/

    2. https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/angela-davis-40

    3. https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/angela-davis

  9. Ruby Dee

    1. https://ossieandruby.com/ruby-dee-biography/

    2. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/12/arts/ossie-davis-ruby-dee-archives-schomburg.html

  10. Ava DuVernay

    1. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1148550/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm

    2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/style/wp/2018/02/15/feature/why-ava-duvernay-is-exactly-what-we-need-right-now/?utm_term

  11. Ella Fitzgerald

    1. http://mentalfloss.com/article/94742/10-fascinating-facts-about-ella-fitzgerald

    2. https://www.nytimes.com/1996/06/16/nyregion/ella-fitzgerald-the-voice-of-jazz-dies-at-79.html?mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=AD4776D93DBF32776697E8AA3CD60AC4&gwt=pay

    3. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/ella-fitzgerald-something-to-live-for/590/

  12. Aretha Franklin

    1. President and Mrs. Obama shared their sense of loss, but also their profound admiration for Aretha’s genius: “Aretha helped define the American experience. In her voice, we could feel our history, all of it and in every shade—our power and our pain, our darkness and our light, our quest for redemption and our hard-won respect. She helped us feel more connected to each other, more hopeful, more human.” Twitter post, August 16, 2018

    2. https://www.arethafranklin.net/

    3. https://www.cnn.com/2013/06/27/us/aretha-franklin-fast-facts/index.html

    4. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/16/obituaries/aretha-franklin-dead.html

    5. https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/aretha-franklin-queen-of-soul-dead-at-76-119453/

  13. Althea Gibson

    1. https://www.tennisfame.com/hall-of-famers/inductees/althea-gibson

    2. https://www.espn.com/sportscentury/features/00014035.html

    3. https://theundefeated.com/features/rod-graves-renewing-efforts-to-improve-inclusive-hiring-in-nfl/

  14. Fannie Lou Hamer

    1. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/freedomsummer-hamer/

    2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/10/06/civil-rights-crusader-fannie-lou-hamer-defied-men-and-presidents-who-tried-to-silence-her/?utm_term=.e143602b0996

    3. https://www.nbclearn.com/finishing-the-dream/1964-spotlights/cuecard/5752

  15. Carla Hayden

    1. “Librarians are a cornerstone of democracy—where information is free and equally available to everyone.” Ms. Magazine 2003 Woman of the Year interview

    2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carla_Hayden

    3. https://www.loc.gov/about/about-the-librarian/

    4. https://www.c-span.org/video/?432088-3/conversation-librarian-congress-carla-hayden

    5. http://time.com/collection/firsts/4898563/carla-hayden-firsts/

    6. http://mentalfloss.com/article/503219/9-behind-scenes-secrets-librarian-congress-carla-hayden

  16. Dorothy Height

    1. President Barack Obama dubbed her “the godmother of the civil rights movement.” White House statement, April 20, 2010

    2. https://www.biography.com/people/dorothy-height-40743

    3. https://www.c-span.org/video/?424476-1/dorothy-height-oral-history-interview

    4. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/civil-rights-leader-dorothy-height-dies-at-age-98-125816635/

    5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5_022pJNWQ

  17. Lena Horne

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lena_Horne

    2. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ho-Jo/Horne-Lena.html

    3. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/10/arts/music/10horne.html?pagewanted=all

    4. https://www.vanityfair.com/culture/2009/07/lena-horne-excerpt200907

    5. https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/08/the-red-baiting-of-lena-horne/398291/

    6. https://www.biography.com/people/lena-horne-9344086

  18. Zora Neale Hurston

    1. https://www.zoranealehurston.com/

    2. http://mentalfloss.com/article/73895/retrobituaries-zora-neale-hurston-genius-harlem-renaissance

    3. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1997/02/17/a-society-of-one

  19. Judith Jamison

    1. http://www.nj.com/jjournal-news/index.ssf/2018/03/judith_jamison_at_njcu.html

    2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuTJSbWm2QY

    3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faAesTsSofs&t=8s

    4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGvkrE4_l7w

    5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judith_Jamison

  20. Mae Jemison

    1. https://www.space.com/17169-mae-jemison-biography.html

    2. https://www.makers.com/profiles/591f267b6c3f64643955861c

  21. Katherine Johnson

    1. https://www.nasa.gov/content/katherine-johnson-biography

    2. https://www.biography.com/people/katherine-g-johnson-101016

    3. https://www.makers.com/profiles/591f267c6c3f646439558630

  22. Barbara Jordan

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Jordan

    2. https://www.biography.com/people/barbara-jordan-9357991

    3. http://history.house.gov/People/Detail/16031

  23. Beyoncé Knowles-Carter

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beyoncé

    2. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuHzBCaKmtaLcRAOoazhCPA

    3. https://www.grammy.com/grammys/artists/beyoncé-knowles

    4. https://www.gq.com/story/beyonce-cover-story-interview-gq-february-2013

  24. Ann Lowe

    1. “I want to prove that a Negro can become a major dress designer.” During appearance on the Mike Douglas Show, 1964, episode 77 or 79, can’t tell

    2. https://theglowup.theroot.com/societys-stylish-secret-designer-ann-lowe-was-a-fashio-1823499194

    3. https://prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2013/03/28/the-remarkable-story-of-ann-lowe-from-alabama-to-madison-avenue/

    4. https://nypost.com/2016/10/16/jackies-wedding-dress-designer-is-finally-recognized/

    5. http://hiddenfashionhistory.com/ann-lowe/ak-sar-ben-its-not-just-the-word-nebraska-backwards-part-two/

    6. https://www.racked.com/2016/9/30/13064294/fashion-designer-ann-lowe

    7. http://www.blackpast.org/aah/lowe-ann-cole-1898-1981

  25. Loretta Lynch

    1. https://www.cnn.com/2014/11/19/us/loretta-lynch-fast-facts/index.html

    2. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/28/business/loretta-lynch-paul-weiss.html

  26. Toni Morrison

    1. “If there is a book that you want to read, but it hasn’t been written yet, you must be the one to write it.” Twitter post, October 30, 2013

    2. A Paris Review interview described Toni as “a master of the public novel, examining the relationships between races and sexes and the struggle between civilization and nature, while at the same time combining myth and the fantastic with a deep political sensitivity.” The Paris Review, Issue 128, Fall 1993

  27. Ibtihaj Muhammad

    1. http://www.espn.com/espnw/culture/article/24183570/fencer-ibtihaj-muhammad-proud-memoir-battling-depression-american-dream

    2. https://www.teamusa.org/usa-fencing/athletes/ibtihaj-muhammad

    3. https://www.ibtihajmuhammad.com/

  28. Michelle Obama

    1. About her bestselling memoir Becoming, Michelle tweeted, “I hope my journey inspires readers to find the courage to become whoever they aspire to be.” Twitter post, February 25, 2018

    2. https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/first-ladies/michelle-obama/

    3. https://www.vogue.com/article/michelle-obama-december-cover-interview-first-lady-white-house-departure

  29. Rosa Parks

    1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/12/01/how-history-got-the-rosa-parks-story-wrong/?utm_term=.1880978905c0

    2. http://www.rosaparks.org/biography/

    3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Parks

  30. Leontyne Price

    1. https://www.gramophone.co.uk/feature/leontyne-price-interview-its-terrible-but-you-know-i-just-love-the-sound-of-my-own-voice

    2. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/22/arts/music/leontyne-price-met-opera.html

    3. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Pe-Pu/Price-Leontyne.html

    4. http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Price-Leontyn.htm

    5. http://operawire.com/on-this-day-the-wisdom-of-90-year-old-leontyne-price/

    6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leontyne_Price

    7. https://www.biography.com/people/leontyne-price-9446930

    8. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/style/1990/12/16/leontyne-price-in-her-own-voice/e2d726bf-fed3-4e41-bd64-ca45fe7a253e/?utm_term=.11f62a159b69

  31. Condolezza Rice

    1. https://www.biography.com/people/condoleezza-rice-9456857

    2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YqhENfgzzw4

    3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzoCCjiP-W0

    4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFX65qRiUAA

  32. Faith Ringgold

    1. https://www.theartstory.org/artist-ringgold-faith.htm

  33. Diana Ross

    1. “You’ve got to get out there and make your golden dream happen for yourself.” Jet magazine, Vol. 67, No. 2 (February 4, 1985), pg. 40

    2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana_Ross

    3. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005384/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm

    4. https://www.tiff.net/the-review/magnificent-obsession-berry-gordy-diana-ross/

    5. https://www.interviewmagazine.com/music/new-again-diana-ross

    6. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/diamond-diana-diana-ross-forever-shining_us_5a103abbe4b023121e0e9307

  34. Wilma Rudolph

    1. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/wilma-rudolph

    2. https://www.espn.com/sportscentury/features/00016444.html

  35. Augusta Fells Savage

    1. “My monument will be in my students’ work.” T. R. Poston, "Augusta Savage," Metropolitan Magazine, Jan. 1935, n.p.

    2. https://americanart.si.edu/artist/augusta-savage-4269

  36. Ntozake Shange

    1. “I found god in myself / and I loved her / …fiercely.” Ntozake Shange poem, “A Laying on of Hands”from play for colored girls (1976)

    2. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/28/obituaries/ntozake-shange-is-dead-at-70.html

    3. https://www.washingtonpost.com/?utm_term=.b2cc44900f22

  37. Nina Simone

    1. http://www.ninasimone.com/bio/

    2.  https://www.rockhall.com/nominee/nina-simone

    3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nina_Simone

    4. https://www.newsobserver.com/entertainment/article213396854.html

    5. https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/jun/19/nina-simone-home-national-treasure-north-carolina-recognition-legacy

  38. Sheryl Swoopes

    1. “At times, I get it in my mind that there is no way I can miss.” AP Sports article, “Texas Tech ‘Swoopes over Ohio State for title,” April 5, 1993

    2. http://www.sherylswoopes.net/biography/

    3. http://www.wbhof.com/Swoopes.html

  39. Susie King Taylor

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susie_Taylor

    2. https://americacomesalive.com/2012/02/13/susie-king-taylor-1848-1912-educator-author-activist/

    3. https://www.civilwarwomenblog.com/susie-king-taylor/

  40. Sojourner Truth

    1. Sojourner never learned to read or write, she was a powerful and charismatic orator, “testifying the hope that was in her.” The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, 3rd Edition, Vol 1

    2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sojourner_Truth

    3. https://www.biography.com/people/sojourner-truth-9511284

    4. https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/sojourner-truth

    5. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/sojourner-truth

    6. http://www.sojournertruth.org/library/archive/LegacyOfFaith.htm

    7. https://www.pbs.org/thisfarbyfaith/people/sojourner_truth.html

    8. http://www.womenhistoryblog.com/2013/02/sojourner-truth.html

    9. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1863/04/sojourner-truth-the-libyan-sibyl/308775/

  41. Harriet Tubman

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Tubman

    2. http://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/harriet-tubman

    3. http://mentalfloss.com/article/79149/9-surprising-facts-about-harriet-tubman

    4. http://mentalfloss.com/article/31251/harriet-tubmans-perfect-record-brains-and-opium-underground-railroad

  42. Madame C. J. Walker

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madam_C._J._Walker

    2. http://www.madamcjwalker.com/#&panel1-1

    3. https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/100-amazing-facts/madam-walker-the-first-black-american-woman-to-be-a-self-made-millionaire/

    4. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/nbcblk/madam-c-j-walker-s-legacy-empowering-black-women-lives-n988451

    5. http://mentalfloss.com/article/518125/retrobituaries-madam-cj-walker-first-self-made-female-millionaire-us

  43. Ida B. Wells

    1. https://www.biography.com/people/ida-b-wells-9527635

    2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_B._Wells

    3. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/obituaries/overlooked-ida-b-wells.html?mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=0B2E3F138509E60DE3A3222CD7AA2DB6&gwt=pay

    4. http://www.blackpast.org/aah/barnett-ida-wells-1862-1931

    5. “The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth upon them.” Lecture poster, October 31, 1892

  44. Phillis Wheatley

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillis_Wheatley

    2. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Phillis-Wheatley

    3. https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/phillis-wheatley

    4. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2p12.html

    5. http://www.pwacleveland.org/bio/

    6. https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/phillis-wheatley

    7. https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Phillis_Wheatley

  45. Serena Williams

    1. “Althea Gibson paved the way for all women of color in sport.” Facebook post, August 26, 2016

    2. https://www.goalcast.com/2017/08/08/top-20-serena-williams-quotes-to-inspire-you-to-rise-up-win/

    3. 30 Obscure Facts About Tennis Star Serena Williams - 22 Words

    4. https://twentytwowords.com/facts-queen-of-tennis-serena-williams/

    5. Serena Williams Fast Facts - CNN - CNN.com

    6. 21 Amazing Facts About Serena Williams | Work + Money

    7. http://time.com/5368858/serena-williams-comeback/

    8. https://www.vogue.com/article/serena-williams-vogue-cover-interview-february-2018

    9. https://www.vanityfair.com/style/2017/06/serena-williams-cover-story

    10. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Serena-Williams

    11. https://mn2s.com/booking-agency/talent-roster/serena-williams/

    12. Serena Williams career statistics – Wikipedia

    13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serena_Williams_career_statistics

a.

a.https://www.cnn.com/2013/09/13/us/serena-williams-fast-facts/index.html

  1. https://www.workandmoney.com/s/serena-williams-bio-e5f38dbf4d9a4caf

  2. Oprah Winfrey

    1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oprah_Winfrey

    2. https://www.inc.com/larry-kim/18-bizarre-facts-about-oprah-winfrey.html

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